Smallpox monkeys and 9 things to understand Why are people born after 1980 more at risk than other age groups?
Let’s get to know the disease of smallpox monkeys. Ready to check the symptoms that are enough to notice Which one is risky?
The COVID-19 situation is still not stable. Suddenly there is another outbreak of smallpox. Plus, it looks like it’s not going to end easily. Because on July 23, 2022, the WHO or the World Health Organization announced that smallpox was a Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC) due to its rapid spread across the world. And in order not to be careless or too worried. We would like to invite everyone to understand more about monkey pox.
- Smallpox monkey English called Monkeypox is a contagious disease from animals to animals. and can be transmitted from animals to people The monkeys are not the source of the disease, but the carrier is rodents such as rats, squirrels, rabbits, etc., and can be transmitted from person to person as well. However, this disease is not a new disease. Because it has been around since 1950 or 1950 when this type of virus was first discovered in monkeys. Because of this, smallpox
- was first reported in humans in the Democratic Republic of the Congo in 1970 before outbreaks were reported in 11 countries in Central and West Africa. Until the disease was first discovered outside of Africa in 2004 in the United States. from the importation of infected animals
- While in 2022, smallpox outbreaks have been found in other countries outside Africa. both in the United States United Kingdom, Canada, Belgium, France, Spain, Portugal, etc., which is suspected. There was no link to the outbreak, that is, almost all of the patients had no history of traveling to an area where there was a smallpox outbreak. Causing the World Health Organization to hold an emergency meeting to discuss this outbreak
2. What causes smallpox monkeys?
Smallpox monkeys are caused by viruses belonging to the family Poxviridae, belonging to the orthopox virus genus. (Orthopoxvirus), which is in the same family as the virus that caused smallpox or smallpox in the past. have mild symptoms 1% mortality rate and Central African strains. with extreme violence The mortality rate is 10%, however, this virus mutates very rarely. Because it’s a DNA virus, different from Covid, which is RNA.
3. How is smallpox monkey transmitted to humans?
- Direct contact with the blood, secretions or pustules of an infected animal or person.
- Person-to-person transmission through respiratory secretions, such as close-up inhalation of droplets from coughing, sneezing, hugging, kissing, and sexual intercourse.
- touching contaminated utensils Or contaminated with secretions, such as clothes, towels, personal belongings of the patient
- Mother-to-child contact
- Scratched by an infected animal
- Eating insufficiently cooked infected meat
4. What are the symptoms of smallpox monkey?
- have a fever
- sore throat
- muscle pain
- enlarged lymph nodes
- Within 1-3 days after having a fever, a rash appears on the face. and spread to different parts of the body such as the palms, soles, arms, legs, but may be found in the oral cavity genitals as well
- The appearance of the rash will develop according to the stage, which is red rashes, clear blisters, white-yellow pustules with a dimpling in the middle. Until the last stage, the pustules become scabs that come off.
In this regard, Asst. Prof. Dr. Pavin Namtawat, Lecturer at the Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics Faculty of Medicine Ramathibodi Hospital Mahidol University Information about the symptoms has been provided. And the disease course of smallpox monkeys via Twitter @Pawin Numthavaj, based on the report of an international team of researchers who have reported in a study totaling 528 cases reported in 16 countries, which found that the main symptoms of the disease Smallpox monkeys are as follows:
- 95% of rashes (73% covered area, 55% extremities, 25% face), mostly less than 5 sites (39%), 11% more than 20 sites. Most rashes were pustules. (Vesiculopustular), followed by a hole (Ulcer).
- Fever 62%
- Enlarged lymph nodes 56%
- 21% had a sore throat
- for smallpox monkeys Patients usually have symptoms for about 2-4 weeks and most will recover on their own. The disease is 3-10 times less severe than smallpox in humans, but there are cases where the symptoms are so severe that they become debilitating and risk death as well. with severe complications such as lung infections dehydration and encephalopathy This usually occurs in children than adults. including people with immunocompromised conditions
- While the death rate from smallpox monkeys from the statistics of Africa The mortality rate in children was found to be around 3-10%. However, the World Health Organization stated that the disease had a mortality rate of approximately 3.6%. As of July 23, 2022, more than 16,000 cases were reported worldwide. Cases from 75 countries and 5 deaths
6. Who is at risk of smallpox monkeys?
- Those who have to work with animals such as monkeys, cows, squirrels, rats, or animals that can be infected with smallpox.
- People who work in direct contact with these pathogens, e.g. in laboratories, incubators different laboratories
- People who need to go to work in areas where there is an outbreak of the disease
- Children because of the risk of infection and severe symptoms
- People born after 1980
7. People born after the year 1980
are more at risk than other ages. Why?
As I said, smallpox is not a new disease, but it has been found for more than 200 years and during past outbreaks. All children must be vaccinated. or is the smallpox vaccination to help prevent smallpox But as time passed The outbreak seems to be under control and has stopped spreading. Therefore began to gradually reduce the inoculation in Thailand. By starting to slow down since 1974,
after the year 1980, the WHO announced that it was able to stop the smallpox epidemic. Around the world, vaccination has been canceled since that year. This means that people born after the year 1980 will hardly be vaccinated at all. Therefore, there is no immunity against smallpox. But there may be some people who were born after 1980 and used to inoculate against smallpox as well.
8. How is smallpox monkey treated?
- There is currently no specific treatment for smallpox monkeys. Conservative treatment is required. The drugs used to treat smallpox are Tecovirimat (ST-246), the antiviral drugs Cidofovir and Brincidofovir. Including the administration of ready-made antibodies called Vaccinia Immune Globulin (VIG) for the treatment of patients with adverse reactions after smallpox vaccination. or severe monkey pox patients
9. Is there a vaccine against smallpox monkeys?
We can vaccinate smallpox. or vaccinations This will help prevent approximately 85% of monkey pox and this vaccine can also prevent smallpox as well. But worldwide, this vaccine is almost no longer available.
However, vaccines are still being produced to prevent its use as a biological weapon. and prevent smallpox monkeys The United States has two smallpox vaccines and has been approved by the Food and Drug Administration. from the United States (FDA), then is